While most of the world is looking for new places to shove garbage, Sweden is asking for more. The thirty two incineration plants in Sweden are under capacity resulting in a new commodity being traded throughout the European Union: garbage. Three tonnes of household waste are equal to one tonne of fuel oils in the energy they provide. As oil reserves are only running out and trash is only piling up, is this a solution to consumer driven problem?
On the downside, the incineration does create some rather harmful by-products such as dioxin. Ideally, the reduction of waste altogether should be the goal yet until that can be accomplished is this waste into energy option a good one?
The 4.4 million tonnes of waste produced in Sweden is split 50/50 into recycling and energy conversion, that’s a much better effort than Australia’s.